The strategic location of the Torres Strait places it at risk from the impacts of shipping, mining, resource over-exploitation, increasing tropical diseases and climate change.
Recent research (Bohensky et al, 2014) has identified a range of factors influencing the region’s natural and cultural values, including:
- potential loss of culture and weakening of Ailan Kastom and Aboriginal Lore/Law
- climate change
- energy security
- changing economic circumstances and rising costs of living
- PNG population growth and demand for resources
- natural resources extraction and infrastructure development impacts (especially in PNG’s Western Province)
- exploitation of shared Torres Strait resources
- increased shipping and marine pollution
- changing technologies
- local resource exploitation
- emerging tropical diseases and pests
- poor waste management.